Thursday, August 27, 2020

Euthanasia Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Killing - Research Paper Example Likewise, the training would decrease the criticalness to grow new drugs intended to delay life. The individuals who contradict the training on strict grounds contend that it is ‘playing God’ in this way evil. Medicinal services experts refer to the Hippocratic Oath which denies them from doing this methodology. This paper will look at the good and moral concerns encompassing killing, explain the significance of the term, present contentions for the training and finish up with a proposal to determine the issue. Willful extermination portrays a circumstance wherein a critically ill patient is regulated a deadly portion of drug, is expelled from an actual existence emotionally supportive network or is just permitted to kick the bucket without dynamic investment, for example, by revival. A doctor’s inclusion in the methodology could be to either recommend a deadly portion of medications with the express aim of completion an actual existence or by intravenously embedd ings a needle into the terminal patient who at that point actuates a switch that controls the lethal portion (Naji et al, 2005). Helped self destruction by doctors and non-doctors has been lawful in Switzerland since WWII. Likewise, three associations inside the nation have been built up to help in critical condition patients. They give quiet advising just as the medications for use in the technique. Deadly infusions, be that as it may, are not permitted. The abnormal circumstance in Switzerland holds that helped self destruction is permitted up to a doctor isn't a piece of the procedure (Hurst and Mauron, 2003). Willful extermination has been legitimate in Belgium since 2002. Each case must be looked into by two doctors before the method is done by either ingestion or infusion. In The Netherlands, willful extermination has been lawful for a long time yet has been endured for two decades. The rules for doctors passed on from the administration incorporate; â€Å"the persistent must be enduring intolerably and have no expectation of progress, must request to kick the bucket and the patient should unmistakably comprehend the condition and forecast (and) a subsequent specialist must concur with the choice to help the patient die† (â€Å"The Fight†, 2004). Advocates of killing are worried about human affliction. Numerous ailments, for example, malignancy cause a waiting and agonizingly excruciating demise. Watching a friend or family member as they wilt away from the malady destroying their organs is intense enough on relatives, yet to see them endure in any event, when medications are controlled is horrendous also what the patient must persevere. This genuinely and truly painful circumstance is happened in each medical clinic, each day of the year however fills no need. To many, it is incredible to permit anybody, for instance, a sweet old grandma who has gone through her time on earth thinking about others, to go through the most recent a half year of their life suffering consistent agony, incapable to control real capacities, shaking, hacking, retching, and so forth. The mental torment for both the family and patient is inconceivably awful too. On the off chance that grandmother were a canine, most all would concur that the main compassionate alternative would be to ‘put her to sleep.’ U.S. residents are ensured sure rights however not the privilege to ‘die with dignity.’ This privilege isn't restricted by the Constitution yet by strict fanatics who clearly put the personal satisfaction of a pooch above grandma’s. Patients experiencing Alzheimer’s may not endure physical agony however bear an alternate kind of torment

Saturday, August 22, 2020

History and Timeline of the Battery

History and Timeline of the Battery A battery, which is really an electric cell, is a gadget that produces power from a compound response. In a one cell battery, you would locate a negative terminal; an electrolyte, which conducts particles; a separator, likewise a particle conductor; and a positive anode. Timetable of Battery History 1748-Benjamin Franklin originally instituted the term battery to portray a variety of charged glass plates.1780 to 1786-Luigi Galvani exhibited what we currently comprehend to be the electrical premise of nerve driving forces and gave the foundation of research to later creators like Volta to make batteries.1800 Voltaic Pile-Alessandro Volta imagined the Voltaic Pile and found the main down to earth technique for producing power. Developed of rotating circles of zinc and copper with bits of cardboard absorbed salt water between the metals, the Voltaic Pile delivered electrical ebb and flow. The metallic directing circular segment was utilized to convey the power over a more noteworthy separation. Alessandro Voltas voltaic heap was the primary wet cell battery that created a dependable, consistent flow of electricity.1836 Daniell Cell-The Voltaic Pile couldn't convey an electrical flow for a significant stretch of time. British bloke, John F. Daniell imagined the Daniell Cell that pre -owned two electrolytes: copper sulfate and zinc sulfate. The Daniel Cell kept going longer than the Volta cell or heap. This battery, which delivered about 1.1 volts, was utilized to control items, for example, broadcasts, phones, and doorbells, stayed famous in homes for more than 100 years. 1839 Fuel Cell-William Robert Grove built up the primary power module, which delivered electrical by consolidating hydrogen and oxygen.1839 to 1842-Inventors made enhancements to batteries that pre-owned fluid cathodes to create power. Bunsen (1842) and Grove (1839) designed the most successful.1859 Rechargeable-French creator, Gaston Plante built up the main handy stockpiling lead-corrosive battery that could be energized (optional battery). This sort of battery is essentially utilized in vehicles today.1866 Leclanche Carbon-Zinc Cell-French designer, Georges Leclanche licensed the carbon-zinc wet cell battery called the Leclanche cell. As per The History of Batteries: George Leclanches unique cell was gathered in a permeable pot. The positive anode comprised of squashed manganese dioxide with a little carbon blended in. The negative shaft was a zinc bar. The cathode was stuffed into the pot, and a carbon bar was embedded to go about as a present gatherer. The anode or zinc bar and the pot were then inundated in an ammonium chloride arrangement. The fluid went about as the electrolyte, promptly leaking through the permeable cup and reaching the cathode material. The fluid went about as the electrolyte, promptly leaking through the permeable cup and reaching the cathode material. Georges Leclanche then further improved his structure by subbing the ammonium chloride glue for fluid electrolyte and created a technique for fixing the battery, imagining the main dry cell, an improved plan that was currently transportable. 1881-J.A. Thiebaut protected the principal battery with both the negative terminal and permeable pot put in a zinc cup.1881-Carl Gassner concocted the main industrially fruitful dry cell battery (zinc-carbon cell).1899-Waldmar Jungner created the primary nickel-cadmium battery-powered battery.1901 Alkaline Storage-Thomas Alva Edison imagined the soluble stockpiling battery. Thomas Edisons soluble cell had iron as the anode material (- ) and nickelic oxide as the cathode material ().1949 Alkaline-Manganese Battery-Lew Urry built up the little basic battery in 1949. The designer was working for the Eveready Battery Co. at their examination lab in Parma, Ohio. Soluble batteries last five to multiple times insofar as zinc-carbon cells, their predecessors.1954 Solar Cells-Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller, and Daryl Chapin created the main sunlight based battery. A sun oriented battery changes over the suns vitality into power. In 1954, Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller, and Daryl Chapin concocte d the primary sun powered battery. The designers made a variety of a few portions of silicon (each about the size of a disposable cutter), set them in daylight, caught the free electrons and transformed them into ​​electrical flow. Chime Laboratories in New York reported the model production of another sun powered battery. Chime had financed the exploration. The main open help preliminary of the Bell Solar Battery started with a phone transporter framework (Americus, Georgia) on October 4, 1955. 1964-Duracell was consolidated.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Check Out The Bing Magical Holiday Calendar!

Check Out The Bing Magical Holiday Calendar! Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!Check Out The Bing Magical Holiday Calendar!Updated On 21/06/2015Author : Pradeep KumarTopic : BingShort URL : CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogBing has some good holiday news for you. They launched a new Magical Holiday Calendar, which offers eligible visitors a whole December month of free offers, sweepstakes and holidays inspiration. They also offer exciting prizes like trip around the world, free concerts for a year, free cars, ultimate fashion experiences etc.For December, they have created the Bing Magical Holiday Calendar, 31 days, 31 gifts! Bing Magical Calendar offers a wide range of icons arranged by dates. Visit those days and Bing will reveal a new surprise for you. Bing targets the holiday season and offers people good discounts and deals.[via Quick Online Tips]READWinamp [Beta] Now Available For Android 2.1 And Up

Monday, May 25, 2020

The History of Rubiks Cube and Inventor Erno Rubik

There is only one correct answer—and 43 quintillion wrong ones—for the Rubiks Cube. Gods algorithm is the answer that solves the puzzle in the least number of moves. One-eighth of the worlds population has laid hands on The Cube, the most popular puzzle in history and the colorful brainchild of Erno Rubik. Erno Rubiks Early Life Erno Rubik was born in Budapest, Hungary during World War II. His mother was a poet, his father an aircraft engineer who started a company to build gliders. Rubik studied sculpture in college, but after graduating, he went back to learn architecture at a small college called the Academy of Applied Arts and Design. He remained there after his studies to teach interior design. The Cube Rubiks initial attraction to inventing the Cube was not in producing the best selling toy puzzle in history. The structural design problem interested Rubik; he asked, How could the blocks move independently without falling apart? In Rubiks Cube, twenty-six individual little cubes or cubies make up the big Cube. Each layer of nine cubies can twist and the layers can overlap. Any three squares in a row, except diagonally, can join a new layer. Rubiks initial attempt to use elastic bands failed, his solution was to have the blocks hold themselves together by their shape. Rubiks hand carved and assembled the little cubies together. He marked each side of the big Cube with adhesive paper of a different color and started twisting. An Inventor Dreams The Cube became a puzzle  in the spring of 1974 when the twenty-nine-year-old Rubik discovered it was not so easy to realign the colors to match on all six sides. Of this experience, he said: It was wonderful, to see how, after only a few turns, the colors became mixed, apparently in random fashion. It was tremendously satisfying to watch this color parade. Like after a nice walk when you have seen many lovely sights you decide to go home, after a while I decided it was time to go home, let us put the cubes back in order. And it was at that moment that I came face to face with the Big Challenge: What is the way home? He was not sure he would ever be able to return his invention to its original position. He theorized that by randomly twisting the Cube he would never be able to fix it in a lifetime, which later turns out to be more than correct. He began working out a solution, starting with aligning the eight corner cubies. He discovered certain sequences of moves for rearranging just a few cubies at a time. Within a month, he had the puzzle solved and an amazing journey lay ahead. First Patent Rubik applied for his Hungarian patent in January 1975 and left his invention with a small toy making cooperative in Budapest. The patent approval finally came in early 1977 and the first Cubes appeared at the end of 1977. By this time, Erno Rubik was married. Two other people applied for similar patents at about the same time as Rubik. Terutoshi Ishige applied a year after Rubik, for a Japanese patent on a very similar cube. An American, Larry Nichols, patented a cube before Rubik, held together with magnets. Nichols toy was rejected by all toy companies, including the Ideal Toy Corporation, which later bought the rights to Rubiks Cube. Sales of the Rubiks Cube were sluggish until Hungarian businessman Tibor Laczi discovered the Cube. While having a coffee, he spied a waiter playing with the toy. Laczi an amateur mathematician was impressed. The next day he went to the state trading company, Konsumex, and asked permission to sell the Cube in the West. Tibor Laczi had this to say on first meeting Erno Rubik: When Rubik first walked into the room I felt like giving him some money, he says. He looked like a beggar. He was terribly dressed, and he had a cheap Hungarian cigarette hanging out of his mouth. But I knew I had a genius on my hands. I told him we could sell millions. Nuremberg Toy Fair Laczi proceeded to demonstrate the Cube at the Nuremberg toy fair, but not as an official exhibitor. Laczi walked around the fair playing with a Cube and managed to meet British toy expert Tom Kremer. Kremer thought Rubiks Cube was the wonder of the world. He later arranged an order for a million Cubes with Ideal Toy. Whats in a Name? Rubiks Cube was first called the Magic Cube (Buvuos Kocka) in Hungary. The puzzle had not been patented internationally within a year of the original patent.  Patent law  then prevented the possibility of an international patent. Ideal Toy wanted at least a recognizable name to copyright; of course, that arrangement put Rubik in the spotlight because the Magic Cube was renamed after its inventor. The First Red Millionaire Erno Rubik became the first self-made millionaire from the communist block. The eighties and Rubiks Cube went well together. Cubic Rubes (the name of cube fans) formed clubs to play and study solutions. A sixteen-year-old Vietnamese high school student from Los Angeles, Minh Thai won the world championship in Budapest (June 1982) by unscrambling a Cube in 22.95 seconds. The unofficial speed records may be ten seconds or less. Human experts now solve the puzzle in 24-28 moves on a regular basis. Erno Rubik  established a foundation to help promising inventors in Hungary. He also runs the Rubik Studio, which employs a dozen people to design furniture and toys. Rubik has produced several other toys, including Rubiks Snake. He has plans to start designing computer games and continues to develop his theories on geometric structures. Seven Towns Ltd. currently holds the rights to Rubiks Cube.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Essay On Desdemonas View Of Women In Othello - 919 Words

the mouth-piece of the Venetian culture wherein women who are submissive to men throughout their life are regarded as respectful. Henceforth he disrespects Desdemona as she married against her father’s wish. He questions her character saying that she is a desperate woman who could not control her emotions. He not only distrusts his wife, but form opinions on other women as well. According to him if Desdemona has married Othello against the wish of her father, then she is not a valuable woman with uncontrollable sexual desires. One cannot find any proof of Emilia cheating over Iago in the play, but he do think like that the way he doubts his wife, in the same manner he convinced Othello to believe that since he is black in color and†¦show more content†¦However, Othello was concerned about the blackening of his own name which would happen because of his wife’s infidelity. Firstly, the issue of sexism is very much present in the play throughout and this issue is carried on my many male characters. In the first act only we could see that Iago plans to let Brabantio know about his daughter’s elopement with a Moor which clearly shows that a daughter is not supposed to love or marry a man of her choice. Furthermore the way Brabantio reacts to this situation it becomes clear that father is the ruling authority upon the daughter i.e. she does not have the right to take decisions on her own. However, Othello, the hero initially does not seem to follow sexism as he accepts Desdemona without any conditions. Emilia is what Desdemona is not. She is seen as a more practical woman as compared to Desdemona, he experiences and following of realism helps her to get an insight in the relationship of a man and woman. She is able to see what Desdemona could not as she is too good to see the realities of life. She has her one idealistic world beyond which she could not see anything. Desdemona died because of her innocence, because of something which she never did, her only fault was that she did not stood up for herself. On the other hand Emilia being a strong woman stood up against the authority of men in after Desdemona’s death to prove her innocence, but such a strong voice was something unacceptable inShow MoreRelatedOthello presents women as the victims of men1276 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿To what extent do you agree that in â€Å"Othello† Shakespeare presents women as the tragic victims of men? Throughout ‘Othello’, Shakespeare uses the manipulation of the protagonist, by the antagonist, Iago, to present a play controlled by men. In such a male dominated society, Shakespeare presents the women in the play as tragic victims at the hands of their husbands, in particular Desdemona and Emilia. Throughout this essay I will relate to the Aristotelian and Senecan descriptions of tragedy toRead MoreExaming the Interracial Marriage of Othello and Desdemona Essay1105 Words   |  5 Pagestraditions about marriage and the treatment of women. One strong tradition of these times was the practice of marriage between races. Interracial marriages were considered extremely taboo. (High Beam). In this era marriages were arranged by the parents with strong help from the local church. The individuals had little choice as to who they would marry. (Elizabethan England Life). Yet another example of these traditions was the respectable treatment of women. While the husband was in cha rge of his wifeRead MoreIf Othello Had Been Written in Modern Times How Would It Differ1246 Words   |  5 PagesSpecific question: If Othello had been set in a modern era, how would it differ? Title of text: Othello Task is related to course section Pt 4: Literature- Critical Study, The individual, Community and Identity Task focus: The aim of this essay is to analyse how Shakespeare’s play Othello would differ if it had been set in a politically correct and modern society such as ours. If Othello had been set in a modern era, how would it differ? The play Othello is a tragedy written byRead MoreOthello and His Masculinity Essay863 Words   |  4 Pagesideas of masculinity presented in Othello. Othello is set during the Elizabethan era, where men were considered to be the leaders and women their inferiors. Women were often regarded as the ‘weaker sex’. This patriarchal society and theme of male superiority is portrayed throughout the play. These themes are depicted through the relationships between the characters. Brabantio and Desdemona’s relationship shows how he believed the traditional Elizabethan view, that men were to control and dominateRead MoreOthello Essay1172 Words   |  5 PagesOthello Essay William Shakespeare’s Othello tells a story of the tragic downfall of a man through jealousy and mistrust, influenced by the manipulative actions of another. Due to innumerable changes within society over time, it is inevitable that a wide range of critical interpretations and readings of the text will emerge. My personal interpretation of the play draws from the concepts of the traditional Aristotelian views of a tragedy. An Aristotelian interpretation concerns itself with whetherRead MoreOthello By William Shakespeare s Othello1893 Words   |  8 PagesShakespeare’s tragedy Othello deals with various issues in the tragic vein of tragedies such as Hamlet and King Lear. Marriage and associated issues stands out as a key theme and preoccupation in Othello. In Othello, various issues such as race, patriarchal attitudes and other general human frailties complicate marriages. Shakespeare portrays marriage in a very bleak light. In the beginning of the play, we see that marriage is not only a union of man and his wife but also involves various familialRead MoreJealousy and Race in Othello 1430 Words   |  6 PagesOthello is one of Shakespeare’s tragedies; originally written as a play and performed to an Elizabethan audience. Othello and many of Shakespeare’s other plays have been performed to various audiences since, and have been adapted into Opera, Ballet, Film and television productions. Othello has survived the centuries to this day and age; and continues to captivate and remain relevant to a modern audience; Othello certainly is a timeless classic work of art. â€Å"The object of tragic imitation is menRead MoreThe Importance of Act 3 Scene 3 to William Shakespeares Othello1463 Words   |  6 PagesThe Importance of Act 3 Scene 3 to William Shakespeares Othello In this essay I am going to investigate the importance and effectiveness of Act 3 scene 3 considering its significance in terms of plot, characters and theme and its dramatic power. Throughout this scene there are striking examples of the main themes of the play, one of these being appearance and reality. Iago fools everyone in the play into believing hes honest. No one even suspects him of treacheryRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1888 Words   |  8 PagesDuring the course of this essay I will be focusing on the play Othello written by William Shakespeare during the 16th century. It was first performed by the Kings men at the court of King James the first on November 4th 1604. The 16th century was a time when most of the population lived in small villages and made their living from farming the land. However, trade and industry grew rapidly and England became a more profitable country. During this period England became richer and more affluent inRead MoreExplore the Presentation of Love as Shown by Othello and Desdemona in Act 1 Scene 3. Lines 49- 295.2243 Words   |  9 Pagesof love as shown by Othello and Desdemona in Act 1 scene 3. Lines 49 ( 295. Othello is a play based on love and rivalry. It is a romantic tragedy, a popular writing topic for Shakespeare. In this essay I will be discussing how love is portrayed between Othello and Desdemona. To effectively show the level of love between Othello and Desdemona Shakespeare must use different techniques, including language and structure. Features like these can decipher the love between Othello and Desdemona. As we

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Similarities Between Jamestown And Plymouth Colonies

Coming to America, many different groups of people had a hard time migrating here and trying to survive. Although many came well equipped for the hard journey, being new to the land made it harder for them to build colonies and thrive. This is because they came across many unexpected hardships that they were not prepared for mentally and physically. In this essay, I will talk about two different groups that migrated to America and how they adjusted to the new land and the new way of life. The colonies of Jamestown and Plymouth Plantation both had many similarities and a few differences when they came to America in the journey to build more and more colonies. When Jamestown had decided to set sail to make colonies in America, John Smith†¦show more content†¦He soon took on an important role in the tribe the Pocahontas belonged to and he got to learn many new things. Although he was liked and was able to sustain himself, he knew he had to go back to his colony soon. When Smith made it back to his colony, he realized that they had gotten worse while he was gone. They continued to lack food and the system they had as a government was falling apart. So they all came to the conclusion that Smith should be elected president because he had learned from the tribe how to set up and run an efficient government. Although Smith was very strict with the colonists, by being so, the colony was able to get back on their feet and thrive. Later on as time passed, Smith was injured and had to return to England. Of the 214 colonists that arrived in America, only 60 survived. The Pilgrims voyaged to America around 1602 and they were off to a bad start when it came to colonize the new land. A while after the Pilgrims had landed in America, they decided to make William Bradford the governor of their new government, which he continued on out for the rest of his life. Throughout the time that the Pilgrims were in America, they suffered many deaths that were not expected to occu r. Many important people to the government had died due to lack of supplies. The Pilgrims did not have the medicine or the food to provide each other when they came down with sickness andShow MoreRelatedCause Of The Pequot War830 Words   |  4 PagesPequot War was a very bloody war during the early colonial period of the Americas and had a great effect on the Americas. However, it is what happened before the Pequot War that truly gives light to why it happened. Before the war, the New England colonies were expanding greatly, and this thusly caused the colonists to come into conflict with the indigenous people of the Americas (Meuwese, 2011). Preparing for a battle with the indigenous peoples, John Winthrop had prepared the New Englanders for conflictRead MoreCompare And Contrast John Smith And William Bradford746 Words   |  3 Pages Compare/Contrast Essay In the early 1580-1590 two Englishman named John Smith and William Bradford establish colonies, but they were two different leaders in that time. They both wrote journals to explain what happens in those months one in first person and the other in third person. â€Å" Such actions have ever since the worlds beginnings and been subject to such accidents, and everything of what is found full of difficulties, and but nothing so difficulties†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. I think what John means that you cantRead MoreDear Cousin - Original Writing Essay2495 Words   |  10 Pageslasted, the higher the number of deaths there were. The voyage usually took around 6 to 8 weeks. If they experienced bad conditions then the trip would usually take 13 weeks. It felt like it was forever, never ending. We finally arrived in America in Jamestown, Virginia. The year was 1619. Only 20 of us had survived. Along with us came indentured servants. Indentured servants work for a certain amount of years and in exchange they get free food, shelter, and clothing. Adults usually serve for four to sevenRead MoreThe Colonies And The New World1785 Words   |  8 PagesWest HIST 1301 22 September 2014 The Colonies It all started in the 17th century, Europeans crossed the Atlantic to find the New World where they could start their new lives and spread religion along with improving their status in life. It began with Jamestown; now know as Virginia, when it became the first settlement that soon was established as the first colony. Not too far long, pilgrims traveled to the New World and discovered Plymouth in the colony of Massachusetts. As time went by, manyRead MoreJohn Smith vs. William Bradford Essay1124 Words   |  5 Pagesadventure and freedom in the New World. Both groups had difficulties while trying to form their colonies and Smith and Bradford were both elected to lead. While they were both great leaders they had very different lives before their journey from England. While starting their new colonies they also took different approaches to making the land habitable. One of the most notable differences between John Smith and William Bradford was their writing style. John Smith a nd William Bradford were veryRead MoreThe New World Of The American Revolution1896 Words   |  8 Pagestraveled a lengthy distance, only to find themselves amidst a population of existing societies and cultures - the native Americans. The colonists here became the conquistadors - conquerors of the land. At this point is where the stark contrast between the Spanish and British colonists begin to formulate. The Spanish had overtaken the native Americans’ civilizations without hesitation. Without so much as enslaving them, the Spanish had used the force of militia and the undeniably destructive strengthRead MoreApush: Chapters 1-5 Study Guide1946 Words   |  8 Pagesfamilies. Jamestown relationship with Native Americans before De La Warr / after- before de la Warr: peaceful but somewhat tension filled relations between the Natives and Jamestown; John Smith= â€Å"kidnapped† by the Powhatan’s to show the desire of the natives for a peaceful alliance. After de la Warr- tension filled fatal relationship; de la Warr encouraged the sealing of native crops and attacks on native villages; installment of a military like regime and â€Å"Irish tactics† led to conflict between the twoRead MoreThe Colonization Of The New World1836 Words   |  8 Pagesthey had previously ignored for a variety of reasons. The first colonies formed into two distinct regions, the Chesapeake and New England. Although both regions were colonized by persons of English descent, they contrasted politically, economically, and socially but had similarities as well. Their reasons for colonization, the location of their settlements, and their intrinsic beliefs determine d their differences and similarities. In 1607, the Virginia Company of London sponsored a group of oneRead More Timeline of American Literature and Events Essay3022 Words   |  13 Pageswaterway which would take them to the Orient. The Virginia Company set foot on Jamestown on May 14, 1607 to form the Virginia English Colony. Approximately one third of the colonists survived the winter of the â€Å"Starving Time† in 1609, and fifteen years later in 1624, Virginia became a crown colony when the king dismissed the Virginia Company Charter due to the Algonquians attack which killed over 300 settlers. Jamestown only survived because of a last minute warning but burned down in 1698. ManyRead MoreAmerica s Traditions And Customs2010 Words   |  9 Pagesour cuisine is the Native American Indians. The earliest settlers in Jamestown, Virginia and Plymouth, Massachusetts relied on the American Indians with their way of preparing and cooking food. The three main crops that the American Indians used were corn, beans, and squash. The Native American Indians generously shared and taught their way of life and how they made their food to the settlers. Throughout the forming of the colonies there were many different cultures and eating habits. There were hunters

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Crossing Cultures The French Style in Germany

Question: So you think you can dance (S.Y.T.Y.C.D) can be considered a popular pedagogy of gendered identity. To the extent that different dance styles require varied performances of masculine and feminine traits. Choose the story of one of the contestants on the most recent series of S.Y.T.Y.C.D. Tell us how their gendered identity has been shaped in relation to their style of expertise. Then analyze at least one example of a judges feedback on the dancers engagement with a new dance style in terms of the production of gendered identity. In what ways might the judges comments be read as a public pedagogy of gendered identity? Answer: About the show: This is an American television dance show which is been aired on Fox in the United States. It is the flagship series of the international So You Think You Can Dance television franchisee. The show was started on July 20 2005 which had over ten million viewers. This show is considered as one of the top rated dance show in the television. The American idol producers Simon Fuller and Nigel Lythgoe created this show basically. The main production channels involved are by Dick Clark Productions and 19 Entertainment. This show was first hosted by famous American news personality Lauren Sanchez. This s how is been rated as the No.1 rated summer show and it has viewers from adults aged in between 18-49 years. But with the number of seasons it has declined its ratings since its inception (Baird, 2013). For this show an open audition was held where the dancers were asked to showcase their talents in a number of dance styles that were new and unique every year it was held. After the first round of audition there were additional rounds held if the candidates could move forward and cut across that particular round. The additional rounds of auditions were held to check the ability of the candidates if they could adapt to different styles. At the end of the audition process a limited number of dancers were chosen as the final contestants. There were variety of dance styles which varied from solo dance performances to duet dance performances and this also included group dance numbers with a variety of styles that the contestants had to accomplish. Judgment was being done through a panel of expertise members and also opinion was taken through the audience by voting their favorite contestant from the lot. This judgment allowed the dancers to move from week to week. There are a variety of da nce styles that are been featured in this show which includes contemporary, classical, ballroom, belly dancing, hiphop, jazz and also include other subgenres that is represented in the show (Boyd, 2012). The winner of this show was nominated with cash prize and the title of Americas favorite dancer as well. Story of one of the contestants of so you think you can dance: Ricky Ubeda was the winner of the 11th season of this show. He had won the competition and received the cash prize of $250,000. He also got the chance to see himself in the cover page of the magazine Dance Spirit. Now he is a successful choreographer and he also choreographed the musical on the town. He was a contemporary dancer but he also performed other dance styles as well. On July 2 2014 he was paired up with Jessica Richens which was the first live show of the season. They danced on a contemporary dance number and got high appraisals from the judges as well as from the other contestants as well. Ricky was also famous for performing of jazz dance form as well (Elswit, 2012). When Ricky Ubeda fell into grounds for dancing each and every time his moves were flawless. His first inspiration to dance was fox reality competition. In the finale performance he danced a staggering six full length routines which began from hip hop and ended with contemporary. How gendered identity has been shaped in relation to their style of expertise: There are certain obligations which are being raised in an educated and civilized culture of today. There are still gender indifferences that are been notified in accordance to the various styles of their expertise. It is really insane to judge a particular work of art with relation to gender representations. Even there are certain impositions being laid as to being a women dancer or a girl being involved in such type of dance form. There are critics imposed saying that a women is only expected to learn classical form of dances rather than focusing onto modern dance forms. But there should not be any such discriminations or impositions being laid upon because it totally depends on the individual choices and preferences that which art form one can choose. For eg if a girl learns belly dancing then it is said that she is exposing her body parts which is not the fact actually. Therefore no such personalized comments should be given if an individual is choosing to any particular dance fo rm. The various representations of femininity represent supporting to feminine. Femininity today must be taken as a positive and inspiring concern in the dance forms that are involved today (Hanan and Hill, 2012). Todays dance forms mainly involves lifting patterns like girls lifting boys or boys lifting girls, various breaking patterns and changing dynamics are also involved but this should not bring any kind of gender discourse or differences into the dance form. It must be taken more of as learning rather than any criticism. In terms of gender roles, modern dance is been treated as coming out from the classical traditional rules (Lepecki, 2012). The traditional vocabulary of dance dynamics represents the men as enablers, carriers and restrictors of the female movements but the guidance and support from women are restricted. Though today we can see a number of women are actively involved with all forms of dance and they are also taking up dancing as their profession. Critics have imposed that femininity was represented majorly as something that could be pulled, pushed, caught and hold and lifted as well. On the other hand masculinity was referred to dominating and controlling the feminine all the time. Importance of Public Pedagogy: The term public pedagogy was first coined in the year 1894. This is basically been associated with education research that mainly focuses its concentration on the sites and processes of education that is beyond formal educational system. Public pedagogy is based on empirical research and studies that have developed over the years and this also helps in developing the learners objectives and behavior as well. Dance education is an important form that needs to be adopted according to the presence of varied cultural framework that is also present in the society as of today. There are a lot of gender differences that are been seen to exist in the society today. This also includes scarcity of male students dancers body and there are issues related to the self esteem of individuals as well. There must be appreciation in each kind of work being done that includes in its techniques and performance as well (Phillips-Silver, 2014). The gender issues in dance pedagogy also make a clear representation that states that a social analysis and creative study must be done in order to represent any particular dance form. Women and western dance forms have always been criticized no matter how good she performs in her own related domain of dance form. Sometimes the choreography is termed to be misleading and this builds upon foundations for critical thinking also. An example can be taken to support this viewpoint that there should be no role of any gender inequality that could affect the dance form. We can see the example of Scottish dancing along with the patterns of gender identity. There are various gender identity patterns that are to be highlighted to various traditional dance forms based in Scotland. Here the focus has been mainly led to how they perceive dancing reality and the various patterns that are involved into it. Taking a view on the various dance forms there must be a gap that is necessary to be maintained in terms of age, gender and other related factors as well (Van der Merwe, 2011). IN Scotland there are two summer schools involved that are associated with various dance forms and also give lessons on dancing. They are Mens Highland Dancing and Ladies step Dancing. Thousands of dancers come here every year to practice and learn Scottish country dancing. From the name it can be depicted that it is more of a male dancers that are involved but this actually wrong perception because a large number of female dancers gave their best performances here. In the school previously ladies were not allowed to enter there and learn the dance forms but to the surprise it has been found out that the male classes were conducted and taught by female teachers. In highland form the majority of the competitors are girls here. Even research has been found out that attempts are been made to encourage boys to dance or rather to join varied forms of dances. Apart from this in Scottish country dancing every person needs to be aware of the fact that performing a dance needs to have a bit of music added on to it. Sometimes it is also difficult to imitate the steps of dancing for women specially the steps that male dancers need to perform. It is also a fact that a man always leads a lady in dancing. It do not require any specific training that needs to be imparted but there must be a sense of friendship, socialism and romance that is being reflected through their dance form. Also side by side there must be passion that is there in the dance or their particular dance form. It should not be realized that they are been forced to conduct those particular dance steps. There must be an inner drive or self motivation factor that plays the majority role in this case. Today gender is constantly been changing despite of that fact there is a need of a male as well as female dancers at some point of time. Also if a male dancer is dancing any ladies dance form or the vice versa happens then also it must be kept in the mind that once they finish the dance they will always remain ladies only. Identity plays a role in distinguishing an individual with particular dance form along with an individuals family or personality background. From the research being done on gender identity it can be understood that gender acts as a category that a person is differentiated in terms of his or her sex. This highly affects the various art forms and one of them is dance. There is an association of different roles, expectations and identities that is been displayed along with the norms of the society that plays an important role. In broader perspective we can also say that gender identity is more of a persons belongingness and it has nothing to do without any particular dance form that one likes. So there should not be any kind of criticisms being done. References Baird, T. (2013). Crossing Cultures: The French Style in Germany.Dance Chronicle, 36(2), pp.280-284. Boyd, J. (2012). Hey, We're from Canada but We're Diverse, Right?: Neoliberalism, Multiculturalism, and Identity on So You Think You Can Dance Canada.Critical Studies in Media Communication, 29(4), pp.259-274. Elswit, K. (2012). So You Think You Can Dance Does Dance Studies.TDR/The Drama Review, 56(1), pp.133-142. Frijters, J. (2011). So you think you can dance, hm?.PODOSOPHIA, 19(4), pp.5-5. Hanan, M. and Hill, E. (2012). 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